Internet of Things and its Applications

Soft skills-Personality Development Question & Answer

Question : 1

Write short notes on the following:

(a) Stress
(b) Attitude
(c) Time management

Answer :

(a) Stress is an emotional / bodily reaction to physical, psychological or emotional demands.
(b) It is defined as response to people, place, things or events in life. Basically, a person's viewpoint, mind set and belief makes an attitude.
(c) Time management is a kind of planning and exercising conscious control over the amount of time spent on the specific activities, to increase effectiveness, efficiency or productivity.

Question : 2

 What is Personality?

Answer :

Personality is the constant pattern of thinking, feeling and acting. It may be considered as a combination of individual thought, characteristics, behaviours, attitude or it is the product of special interaction in group life as every person living in society has different traits such as skin, color, weight, etc.

Question : 3

What do you mean by an Attitude?

Answer :

Attitude is a psychological construct, or its a mental and emotional entity which inheres in, or characterizes a person. It is an acquired state through experiences. It is an individual's predisposed state of mind regarding a value and it is precipitated through a responsive expression toward a person, place, thing, or event which influences individual's thought and action. An attitude is a persistent tendency which is to feel and then behave in a particular way toward some object.

Question : 4

Define Gestures.

Answer :

 It is a from of non-verbal communication in which body actions communicates a particular message, either with or without speech. Gestures includes the movement of the hands, face, 0r other parts of the body.

Question : 5

How will you develop a positive personality?

Answer :

To develop a positive personality:

  • Have a Positive Outlook in Life.
  • Entertain Positive Thoughts.
  • Maintain a Positive Attitude.

Question : 6

What are causes of Stress?

Answer :

Causes of Stress are:

  • Expectations of others or which we place on yourself.
  • Physical environment, which include noise, movement etc.
  • Internal environment such as academic pressure, frustration, social life, etc.

Question : 7

What are different ways to manage stress?

Answer :

 Ways to manage stress are:

  • Add balance to life.
  • Know your strength and weakness.
  • Exercise regularly.

Question : 8

How stress effects our Health?

Answer :

When we are in a stressful situation, we may notice that our muscles tense, and we start sweating. This kind of stress is short-term and temporary or acute stress, and our body usually recovers quickly from it.

Question : 9

What are different elements of Communication?

Answer :

Different elements of Communication are Connection, Sender / Encoder, Message, Medium, Recipient / Decoder and Feedback.

Question : 10

Write any two main objectives of communication.

Answer :

The main objectives of communication are:

  • Conveying the right message: The main objective of communication is to pass on the right message to one side individual, i.e., to the individual for whom it is implied.
  • Effectiveness of policies: The organization defines policies and projects to manage the workforce. These should be conveyed appropriately to the individuals who are truly responsible for the execution of work to accomplish the organizational objectives.

Question : 11

Explain different types of attitude.

Answer :

There are three types of attitude:

  • Positive attitude: Individual will pay attention to the good in people. Situation, event, etc. They will not consider a mistake or failure as a hurdle but as an opportunity. They learn from mistake and move forward in life.
  • Negative attitude: Individual will ignore the good and pay attention to the bad in people, situation, events, etc. They also complain about changes, rather than adapting to the changing environment. They blame their failure on others.
  • Neutral attitude: individual do not give enough importance to situations or events. They ignore the problem, leaving, it for someone else to solve. They do not feel the need to change.

Question : 12

Define Etiquettes. What are good Etiquettes?

Answer :

Etiquettes is a code of behaviour which delineates expectations for social behaviour according to contemporary conventional norms within a society, social class, or group.

good etiquettes are:

  • Hold doors open for other people
  • Speak polity
  • Listen to another person
  • Don't speak loud on your cell phone.

Question : 13

What are two main approaches to the study of personality?

Answer :

The two main approaches to the study of personality are:

(a) Psychological: It considers personality as a certain style which is peculiar to the individual and is determined by the characteristic organization of mental trends,  complexes, emotions and sentiments. The psychological approach enables a person to understand the phenomena of personality disorganization and the role of wishes, of mental conflict.

(b) sociological: It considers personality in terms of the status of the person in the group, like how he / she consider his/ her conception about his role in the group of which he / she is a member. Basically, what others think of us also plays a very important role the formation of our personality.

Question : 14

What are the characteristics of personality?

Answer :

The characteristics of personality are:

(a) It is not related only to body structure, but it includes both the structure and dynamics.

(b) It is unique for every individual.

(c) It expresses consistency and regularity.

(d) It is defined in terms of behaviour.

Question : 15

What are factors of Personality?

Answer :

Personality is the combination of four factors:

(a) Physical Environment: Environment in which we live also effect on culture and the geographical environment sometimes determines cultural variability. Also, physical environment determines the cultural development and the culture in turn determines personality, so the relationship between personality and environment becomes clear.

(b) Heredity: Similarities in man's personality is due to his common heredity. Every human group inherits the same general set of biological needs and capacities which explain some of our similarities in personality. Man, originates from the union of male and female germ cells into a single cell which is formed at the moment of conception.

(c) Culture: Personality is the subjective aspect of culture and regarded as two sides of the same coin. Personality is an individual aspect of culture, whereas culture is a collective aspect of personality."

(d) Particular Experiences: Personality can also be determined by the particular and unique experiences. There are two types of experiences one which is from continuous association with one's group, and the other arise suddenly. The people who meet daily has a major influence on personality. The personality of parents affect more a child's personality.

Question : 16

Explain any two determinants which affects personality.

Answer :

The determinants which affects personality are:

(a) Self-Awareness: Self-awareness is the capacity that a person has to introspect, it includes gaining an understanding of and insight into one's strengths, qualities, weakness, defects, ideas, thoughts, beliefs, ideals, responses, reactions, attitude, emotions and motivations.

(b) Self-Discipline: It is the suppression of base desires, which is understood as a from of self-control restraint and control. Discipline is when one uses reason to determine the best course of action regardless of one's desires, which may be the opposite of excited. 

Question : 17

a)      Why Self Esteem Is important?

Answer :

Self Esteem is important because it impact on life and choice of an individual. Self-value of an individual is the  source of mental health. Self Esteem is the idea which you have about yourself like how valuable and important you think you are. It is the result of one’s own evaluation based on many factors. It involves self-beliefs, emotions such as accomplishment, depression, pride and humiliation as gathered or accumulated in our own mind.

Question : 18

What is self-motivation?

Answer :

a)     It is an ability to do what needs to be done, without the influence from other people or situations. People with self-motivation can find a reason and strength to complete a task without giving up.
It is the force which drives you to do things. Self-motivation is a key life skill of personal development and an emotional intelligence.

Question : 19

Explain different types of Vertical Communication.

Answer :

a)     Vertical communication is of the following two types:

  D  Downward Communication: the communication by top hierarchy with their subordinates is called downward communication. This communication includes orders, rules, information, Policies, instructions, etc. The chief advantage of the downward communication is that the subordinates get useful timely information, which helps them in their work performance. 

         Upward Communication: This is quit the reverse of the downward communication. This flow from the subordinates to the superiors. The subject matter of this communication includes suggestions, reactions, reports, complaints, etc. This sort of communication helps the superiors in taking decisions.

Question : 20

“Writing skills are an important part of communication” Comment.

Answer :

a)    Writing is a form of communication which allows people to put their feelings and ideas on paper, to organize their knowledge and beliefs into convincing arguments, and to convey meaning through well-constructed text.
Writing skills are an important part of communication, as good writing skills allow you to communicate your message with clarity and ease to a far larger audience than through face-to-face or telephone conversations. You might be called upon to write a report, plan or strategy at work; write a grant application or press release within a volunteering role. A well written CV or resume with no spelling or grammatical mistake is essential if you want a new job.

Question : 21

What are the general guidelines for effective employment interview?

Answer :

General guidelines for effective employment interview are:

  • Be prepared for the interview: Just as the interviewer has to plan out the event in advance, so has the interviewee to be prepared for it. As he / she has no control over the event, he / she has to be more careful at every step. He / she has to face an interviewer or a board of interviewers. He / she must, therefore, be very clear about the purpose of the event.

  • Has a presentable appearance: Everybody appreciates a pleasant personality. As in the case of a presentation, so in an interview, the concerned person’s appearance is a part of the message. Since an interview is a formal occasion, the interviewee must be formally dressed. Anyone having conventional standards of neatness is likely to have definite advantage over one casually dressed for an interview. 

  • Show interest by making effective use of body language: Keeping eye-to-eye contact with the interviewer at once shows that the interviewee is genuinely interested in the event and keen to participate in it. He /she should also sit in a correct, confident posture, straight, balanced and not stiff in the chair offered. The hands should be neatly locked on the lap or comfortably placed on the arms of the chair.

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