Introduction of Internet

Introduction of Internet


Introduction


Today we live in a world of technology, where internet spins a web of interconnectivity around the globe. Through internet more than fifty million people in countries around the world have been connected. Internet was evolved in 1969, under the project named ARPANET(Advanced Research Projects Agency Network) to connect computers at different universities and U.S. defence. Soon after the people from different backgrounds such as engineers, scientists, students and researchers started using the network for exchanging information and messages.

In 1990s the internetworking of ARPANET, NSFnet and other private networks resulted into Internet. Therefore, Internet is a ‘global network of computer networks’. It comprises of millions of computing devices that carry and transfer volumes of information from one device to the other. Desktop computers, mainframes, GPS units, cell phones, car alarms, video game consoles, are connected to the Net.

 World Wide Web

The World Wide Web was invented by Tim Berners-Lee in 1989, in 1995 the first connection was established over what is today known as the Internet.

By the end of 1990, the first Web page was served. In April 1993, the World Wide Web technology was available for anyone to use on a royalty-free basis.

Since that time, the Web has changed the world. It has perhaps become the most powerful communication medium the world has ever known.

A global Web of computers known as the Internet, allows individuals to communicate with each other often called the World Wide Web. The Internet provides a quick and easy exchange of information and is recognized as the central tool in this Information Age.

The World Wide Web (WWW) is an internet based service, which uses common set of rules known as Protocols, to distribute documents across the Internet in a standard way.

The World Wide Web, or ‘Web’ is a part of the Internet. The Web is viewed through web browser softwares such as Google Chrome, Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox etc. Using browsers one can access the digital libraries containing innumerable articles, journals, e-books, news, tutorials stored in the form of web pages on computers around the world called Web Servers. Today thousands of web pages/websites are added to the WWW every hour.





Qus. 1 : Who send the requisition for web pages to the web servers?

  1. Node
  2. System
  3. Web clients
  4. Web customer
Qus. 2 : A series of specially designed documents, which are all liked to viewed on Internet is called:

  1. Word Wide Web
  2. Web server
  3. Search engine
  4. website
Qus. 3 : What is the full form of TCP

  1. Transport Control Protocol
  2. Transaction Control Protocol
  3. Transmission Control Protocol
  4. Transmission Control Point
Qus. 4 : A network of Network is known as

  1. Local Area Network
  2. Internet
  3. Intranet
  4. Big Network
Qus. 5 : What is Full form of ARPANET

  1. Advance Recent Project Administration Network
  2. Advance Research Project Agency Network
  3. Advance Real Project Administration Network
  4. Advance Research Point Admin Network
Qus. 6 : What is full form of URL

  1. Uniform Resource Locator
  2. Unique Resource Locator
  3. Uniform Resource Location
  4. Under Resource Locator
Qus. 7 : ISP Stands for?

  1. Internet Service Provider
  2. Intranet Service Provider
  3. Internet Social Public
  4. Internet Server Provider
Qus. 8 : Cookie stores the data on

  1. Server
  2. Remote Server
  3. Browser
  4. All of These
Qus. 9 : FTP stans for?

  1. File Transaction Protocol
  2. File Transfer Protocol
  3. File Task Protocol
  4. Fast Transfer Protocol
Qus. 10 : Which of the following is used to read a HTML page and render it ?

  1. Web browser
  2. Web server
  3. Web matrix
  4. Web network
Qus. 11 : Who invented www (World Wide Web) ?

  1. Bill Gates
  2. Lee. N. Feyong
  3. Tim Berners Lee
  4. Tom Berners Lee
Qus. 12 : Which program is used by web clients to view the web pages?

  1. Web browser
  2. Protocol
  3. Web Server
  4. Search engines
Qus. 13 : Which of the following is required for joining the internet?

  1. Internet architecture board
  2. Internet Society
  3. Internet Service Provider
  4. Different Computer
Qus. 14 : Which of the following is an example of a search engine on the internet?

  1. MS Office
  2. Google
  3. Gmail
  4. Windows
Qus. 15 : Which of the following is not a browser?

  1. Microsoft Edge
  2. Google Meet
  3. Mozilla Firefox
  4. Google Chrome
Qus. 16 : The internet originated from the concept of

  1. Microsoft
  2. ARPANET
  3. Web
  4. IBM
Qus. 17 : Identify the wrong statements about Cookies

  1. Cookies are programs which run in the background of the web-client
  2. Cookies have the potential of being used to violate the privacy of users
  3. Cookies are very helpful in keeping track of users in developing online shopping cart, applications personalized portals and in advertising on websites
  4. Cookies cannot contain more than 4 Kb of data
Qus. 18 : Which is not a valid encoding standard not present in Notepad++?

  1. ANSI
  2. UTF-8
  3. UTF-8 BOM
  4. UTF-16
Qus. 19 : Shortcut keys to hide lines in Notepad++

  1. Alt+H
  2. Shift+H
  3. CTRL+H
  4. None of the above
Qus. 20 : Which one is example of search engine

  1. Google
  2. Linux
  3. Windows
  4. Mozila
Qus. 21 : Chrome, Safari, Mozilla Firefox are example of

  1. Browser
  2. Search Engine
  3. Both Browser & Search Engine
  4. None of these

Programs

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